Cells nonproductively transformed by a variant of the Snyder-Theilen strain of feline sarcoma virus (FeSV) expressed an 85,000-dalton polyprotein (P85) with associated tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity. We identified within this polyprotein a single tyrosine acceptor site for its enzyme activity. This acceptor site, as well as two serine phosphorylation sites localized with the p12 structural component of Snyder-Theilen FeSv P85, was phosphorylated in cells nonproductively transformed by Snyder-Theilen FeSv. In contrast, infection by Snyder-Theilen FeSV transformation-defective mutants resulted in phosphorylation only of the two serine acceptor sites, indicating phosphorylation of the tyrosine acceptor site to be transformation specific. In addition, we describe in vitro labeling conditions, using unfractionated cell extracts, which resulted in preferential phosphorylation of the single Snyder-Theilen FeSV tyrosine-specific acceptor site.