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[email protected] evolution from yolk-shell to core-shell in carbon nanofibers with suppressed degradation of lithium storage

Authors
  • Song, W
  • Liu, X
  • Wu, B
  • Brandon, N
  • Shearing, PR
  • Brett, DJL
  • Xie, F
  • Jason Riley, D
Publication Date
Dec 13, 2018
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ensm.2018.12.012
OAI: oai:spiral.imperial.ac.uk:10044/1/65337
Source
UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Metallic Sn has high conductivity and high theoretical capacity for lithium storage but it suffers from severe volume change in lithiation/delithiation leading to capacity fade. Yolk-shell and core-shell [email protected] spheres interconnected by carbon nanofibers were synthesized by thermal vapor and thermal melting of electrospun nanofibers to improve the cycling stability. Sn particles in yolk-shell spheres undergo dynamic structure evolution during thermal melting to form core-shell spheres. The core-shell spheres linked along the carbon nanofibers show outstanding performance and are better than the yolk-shell system for lithium storage, with a high capacity retention of 91.8% after 1000 cycles at 1 A g-1. The superior structure of core-shell spheres interconnected by carbon nanofibers has facile electron conductivity and short lithium ion diffusion pathways through the carbon nanofibers and shells, and re-develops [email protected] structures with Sn clusters embedded into carbon matrix during electrochemical cycling, enabling the high performance.

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