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Smooth microsomes. a trap for cholesteryl ester formed in hepatic microsomes.

Authors
  • Hashimoto, S
  • Fogelman, A M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Publication Date
Sep 25, 1980
Volume
255
Issue
18
Pages
8678–8684
Identifiers
PMID: 6251062
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase was found predominantly (85%) in RNA-rich microsomes, the rest being in RNA-poor and smooth microsomes. However, the esterified cholesterol concentration of smooth microsomes was 2-fold greater than that of RNA-rich microsomes, suggesting the possibility of an interaction between RNA-rich and smooth microsomes. The distribution of cholesteryl ester between microsome subfractions was examined after incubation of a mixture of RNA-rich and smooth microsomes with [1-14C]palmitoyl-CoA. Based upon specific acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase activities of the individual fractions, only 31 +/- 3% of the total cholesteryl ester radioactivity should have been found in the smooth component. However, the smooth microsomes contained 54 +/- 3% (p < 0.01) of the radioactive cholesteryl esters. The entrapment of radioactive cholesteryl ester in the smooth microsomes could not be accounted for by passive transfer of cholesteryl ester from RNA-rich microsomes to smooth microsomes. It is proposed that cholesterol in the smooth microsomal membranes may have been esterified by acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltrasferase located on the surface of RNA-rich microsomes with the resulting cholesteryl ester retained in the smooth microsomes. This hypothesis was strengthened by the observation that acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyl-transferase was located on the cytoplasmic surface of the RNA-rich microsomal vesicle.

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