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Smectite quasicrystals in aqueous solutions as a function of cationic surfactant concentration

Authors
  • Kuwaharada, Satoru1
  • Tateyama, Hiroshi2
  • Nishimura, Satoshi2
  • Hirosue, Hideharu3
  • 1 Kagoshima Prefecture Institute of Industrial Technology, 1445-1, Oda Hayato-cho, Aira-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture, 899-5105, Japan , (Japan)
  • 2 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Shuku-machi, Saga Prefecture, Tosu city, 841-0052, Japan , Tosu city (Japan)
  • 3 Cooperative Research Center Kumamoto University, 2081-7 Tabaru, Mashiki-machi, Kamimashiki-gun, Kumamoto Prefecture, 861-2202, Japan , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clays and Clay Minerals
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2002
Volume
50
Issue
1
Pages
18–24
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1346/000986002761002621
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Quasicrystals of synthetic fluoromagnesian smectite (FMS) in dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC) solutions were investigated as a function of the DTAC concentration by wet type X-ray diffraction (XRD) ζ potential measurements, and dispersion and coagulation (DC) tests. The FMS had an electronegative potential and it was dispersed randomly in an aqueous suspension without DTAC. When the DTAC concentration was 0.002 mol/dm3, FMS tactoids started to develop a structure in which the layer thickness was 1.85 nm. At the isoelectric point, the DTAC concentration was 0.012 mol/dm3 and the FMS tactoid formed a regular stacked structure with a 2.25 nm layer thickness. As the ζ potential of FMS changed from negative to positive, the DC test and XRD measurement showed that the FMS association gradually changed from coagulation to dispersion, which indicates that the formation of the bilayer of surfactants on the surface of FMS produces a repulsion between DTA+ adsorbed on the silicate layer of the FMS surfaces. When the equilibrium concentration of DTAC in solution exceeded the critical micelle concentration (CMC), the ζ potential of FMS became greater than the previous values. The XRD analysis of this suspension showed that there were two kinds of rational FMS stackings; one has a layer thickness of 3.20 nm, and the other has a layer thickness of 5.45 nm due to an interstratified structure composed of 3.20 and 2.25 nm layers. The interstratified structure was confirmed by the calculated XRD profiles.

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