Low levels of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors, synthesized in the liver, play a key role in the hypocoagulable state of end-stage liver disease patients. Recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) has been developed for, and currently is used in the treatment of patients with hemophilia A and B with inhibitors. Some experience was gained with rFVIIa in liver diseases since 1995. We used a low dose of rFVIIa to perform percutaneous liver biopsy in three patients, all of them with abnormal coagulation, impeditive of the percutaneous liver biopsy. The first one was a 29 years old man with alcoholic cirrhosis and a liver nodule; the second was a 32 years old man with post hepatitis C cirrhosis and excessive alcohol intake; the third was a 53 years old man with chronic hepatitis C and a congenital deficit of factor VII. A single dose of 5 micrograms/Kg of rFVII administered before liver biopsies raised levels of factor VII to acceptable values during more than 5 hours in the first two patients. We conclude that a small dose of rFVIIa can be enough to correct the abnormal coagulation of cirrhotic patients, permits percutaneous liver biopsy, and is cost-effective, compared to transjugular access.