Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Sleep quality and mental health in the context of COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown in Morocco.

Authors
  • Janati Idrissi, Abdelkrim1
  • Lamkaddem, Abdelaziz2
  • Benouajjit, Abdelilah2
  • Ben El Bouaazzaoui, Manar2
  • El Houari, Farah2
  • Alami, Mohammed2
  • Labyad, Sanae3
  • Chahidi, Abderrahman2
  • Benjelloun, Meryem3
  • Rabhi, Samira4
  • Kissani, Najib5
  • Zarhbouch, Benaissa6
  • Ouazzani, Reda7
  • Kadiri, Fouzia8
  • Alouane, Rachid9
  • Elbiaze, Mohamed10
  • Boujraf, Said2
  • El Fakir, Samira11
  • Souirti, Zouhayr12
  • 1 Clinical Neurosciences Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Fez, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Morocco)
  • 2 Clinical Neurosciences Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Fez, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 3 Epidemiology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 4 Clinical Neurosciences Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Fez, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco; Internal Medicine Department, Hassan II Teaching Hospital, Fez, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 5 Neurology Department, Mohamed VI Teaching Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 6 Department of Social Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences Qatar University, Qatar. , (Qatar)
  • 7 Neurophysiology Department, Ibn Sina Teaching Hospital, Rabat, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 8 ORL Department, Mohamed V Teaching Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 9 Psychiatry Department, Hassan II Teaching Hospital, Fez, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 10 Neurology Department, Sleep Center Hassan II University Hospital, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 11 Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Community Health- Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Fez, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 12 Clinical Neurosciences Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Fez, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco; Neurology Department, Sleep Center Hassan II University Hospital, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco. , (Morocco)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Sleep medicine
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
74
Pages
248–253
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2020.07.045
PMID: 32862008
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The lockdown of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) is associated with several stressful factors that can negatively affect peoples' sleep quality and mental health. We conducted this study to evaluate sleep disorders and psychological impact associated with the spread of the COVID-19 and the lockdown on the Moroccan population. We also aimed to study the effects of respondents' beliefs and attitudes about sleep on sleep disorders, anxiety-related symptoms, and depressive symptoms. We used a questionnaire enclosing respondents' sociodemographic information, five psychological and behavioral tests including Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16), Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) test. Our results highlighted widespread false beliefs about sleep and the prevalence of sleep disorders, anxiety, and depression-related symptoms within the Moroccan population. Nearly 82.3% of respondents revealed false beliefs about sleep. Furthermore, we confirmed a strong positive correlation between knowledge and attitudes about sleep and the prevalence of sleep disorders, anxiety, and depression-related symptoms. However, we found no significant difference in the prevalence of sleep and psychological disorders, between healthcare workers and other professions workers. Our study revealed a high prevalence of sleep disorders, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in the Moroccan population during the COVID-19 lockdown period. Moreover, false beliefs on sleep understanding were prevalent and were presenting a risk factor leading to sleep disorders, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times