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Sleep in Parental Caregivers and Children With Type 1 Diabetes.

Authors
  • Feeley, Christine A1
  • Sereika, Susan M1
  • Chasens, Eileen R1
  • Siminerio, Linda2
  • Charron-Prochownik, Denise1
  • Muzumdar, Radhika H3
  • Viswanathan, Pushpa3
  • 1 School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
  • 2 School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
  • 3 UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of school nursing : the official publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2021
Volume
37
Issue
4
Pages
259–269
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1059840519865942
PMID: 31366301
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this cross-sectional, descriptive, pilot study was to examine the correlations in sleep between caregivers (≥18 years) and young (6-12 years) children with type 1 diabetes. Sleep was measured in both parent and child over 7 days using actigraphy and a sleep diary. Parents completed questionnaires on sleep, stress, depressive symptoms, and demographics. Children completed pediatric anxiety and fatigue questionnaires, and A1C (Hemoglobin A1c) was documented at clinic. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlations were used to analyze data. Parents (N = 18, mean age: 39.3 ± 5.4 years, 100% Caucasian, 83% mothers) and children (N = 18, mean age: 9.6 ± 2.4 years, diagnosed for mean 3.0 ± 2.4 years, 66% female, mean A1C: 7.5 ± 0.8%) were recruited. Strong to moderate correlations were found for several measures including sleep measures based on actigraphy: mean sleep duration (hours; 7.6 ± 0.7 for parents and 8.8 ± 0.8 for children; r = .638, p = .004), mean sleep efficiency (r = .823, p < .001), and mean daily wake after sleep onset (minutes; r = .530, p = .024).

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