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Slavutych atomograd as the last ideal city of the USSR: Challenges and adaptation mechanisms of resilience.

Authors
  • Brunn, Stanley D1
  • Dronova, Olena2
  • Kononenko, Olena2
  • 1 Department of Geography, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0027 USA.
  • 2 Faculty of Geography, Department of Economic and Social Geography, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine. , (Ukraine)
Type
Published Article
Journal
GeoJournal
Publication Date
Jun 07, 2020
Pages
1–17
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10708-020-10236-x
PMID: 32836702
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Urban resilience implies the ability of all components of a city system to maintain or restore their functions following unforeseen events, and the ability to adapt to external changes. We apply the concept of resilience and adaptation to Slavutych atomograd following the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Station explosion. Challenges and responses facing the urban management and planning systems are examined. Perceptions of Slavutych's resilience capacity are integrated into research based on a survey of residents. The main challenges faced were lack of targeted financing; insufficient economic diversification and professional employment opportunities; an aging population and outmigration of youth and professionals; physical remoteness from the Kyiv Region; declining quality of municipal infrastructure, poor housing and community services; and slow introduction of market mechanisms. Resilience potential formation is used in effective municipal management practices, stimulating innovations in nuclear/alternative energy, IT, and cultural/artistic events. Urban management and planning systems remain active and are ongoing. © Springer Nature B.V. 2020.

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