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Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Energetic Efficiency and Aging

Authors
  • Crescenzo, Raffaella
  • Bianco, Francesca
  • Mazzoli, Arianna
  • Giacco, Antonia
  • Liverini, Giovanna
  • Iossa, Susanna
Publication Date
May 11, 2015
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Aging is associated with a progressive loss of maximal cell functionality, and mitochondria are considered a key factor in aging process, since they determine the ATP availability in the cells. Mitochondrial performance during aging in skeletal muscle is reported to be either decreased or unchanged. This heterogeneity of results could partly be due to the method used to assess mitochondrial performance. In addition, in skeletal muscle the mitochondrial population is heterogeneous, composed of subsarcolemmal and intermyofibrillar mitochondria. Therefore, the purpose of the present review is to summarize the results obtained on the functionality of the above mitochondrial populations during aging, taking into account that the mitochondrial performance depends on organelle number, organelle activity, and energetic efficiency of the mitochondrial machinery in synthesizing ATP from the oxidation of fuels.

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