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Size exclusion chromatography to evaluate in vitro proteolysis: A case study on the impact of microstructure in pulse powders

  • Duijsens, Dorine; 135039;
  • Palchen, Katharina;
  • Verkempinck, Sarah; 99445;
  • Guevara-Zambrano, Jessica;
  • Hendrickx, Marc; 10015;
  • Van Loey, Ann; 14117;
  • Grauwet, Tara; 52922;
Publication Date
Aug 30, 2023
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Cellular pulse ingredients are increasingly being studied but little knowledge on their proteolysis patterns upon digestion is available. This study investigated a size exclusion chromatography (SEC) approach to study in vitro protein digestion in chickpea and lentil powders, providing novel insights into proteolysis kinetics and the evolution of molecular weight distributions in the (solubilized) supernatant and (non-solubilized) pellet fractions. For the quantification of proteolysis, SEC-based analysis was compared to the commonly used OPA (o-phthaldialdehyde) approach and nitrogen solubilized upon digestion, leading to highly correlated proteolysis kinetics. Generally, all approaches confirmed that microstructure dictated proteolysis kinetics. However, SEC analysis delivered an additional level of molecular insight. For the first time, SEC revealed that while bioaccessible fractions reached a plateau in the small intestinal phase (around 45-60 min), proteolysis continued in the pellet, forming smaller but mostly insoluble peptides. SEC elutograms showed pulse-specific proteolysis patterns, unidentified using other current state-of-the-art methods. / status: published

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