Sirolimus and paclitaxel are effective in preventing restenosis. Sirolimus has no significant effect on arterial disease. In contrast, paclitaxel at high concentration demonstrated adverse vascular pathology and transcriptional responses, suggesting a narrower therapeutic range of this potent drug. Since the use of overlapping stents is becoming more common in DES technology, this factor is important, given that higher dosages of paclitaxel may lead to increased apoptosis in the vessel wall and, consequently, to a more unstable phenotype of the pre-existing atherosclerotic lesion.
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
This record was last updated on 07/03/2016 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17449502