Introduction Sirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, has been used in congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) unresponsive to diazoxide and octreotide. Reported response to sirolimus is variable, with high incidence of adverse effects. To the best of our knowledge, we report the largest group of CHI patients treated with sirolimus followed for the longest period to date. Methods Retrospective study of CHI patients treated with sirolimus in a tertiary service and review of the 15 publications reporting CHI patients treated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors. Comparison was made between the findings of this study with those previously published. Results Twenty-two CHI patients treated with sirolimus were included in this study. Twenty showed partial response, one showed complete response, and one was unresponsive. Five of the partially/fully responsive patients had compound heterozygous ABCC8 mutations and five had heterozygous ABCC8 mutations. A total of 86.4% (19/22) developed complications, with infection being the most frequent (17/22), of which 11 were of bacterial etiology, followed by persistent diarrhea (3/22) and hyperglycemia (2/22). Seventeen patients stopped sirolimus: 13 from infections; 2 from hyperglycemia; and 2 from alternative treatment (lanreotide) response. Compared with data previously published, our study identified a higher number of partially sirolimus-responsive CHI cases, although the high rate of complications while on this medication limited its potential usefulness. Conclusion Sirolimus candidates must be carefully selected given its frequent and potentially life-threatening side effects. Its use as a short-term, last-resort therapy until normoglycemia is achieved with other agents such as lanreotide could avoid pancreatectomy. Further studies evaluating the use of sirolimus in patients with CHI are required.