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Single valley Dirac fermions in zero-gap HgTe quantum wells

  • Büttner, B.
  • Liu, C. X.
  • Tkachov, G.
  • Novik, E. G.
  • Brüne, C.
  • Buhmann, H.
  • Hankiewicz, E. M.
  • Recher, P.
  • Trauzettel, B.
  • Zhang, S. C.
  • Molenkamp, L. W.
Published Article
Publication Date
Sep 23, 2010
Submission Date
Sep 12, 2010
DOI: 10.1038/nphys1914
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Dirac fermions have been studied intensively in condensed matter physics in recent years. Many theoretical predictions critically depend on the number of valleys where the Dirac fermions are realized. In this work, we report the discovery of a two dimensional system with a single valley Dirac cone. We study the transport properties of HgTe quantum wells grown at the critical thickness separating between the topologically trivial and the quantum spin Hall phases. At high magnetic fields, the quantized Hall plateaus demonstrate the presence of a single valley Dirac point in this system. In addition, we clearly observe the linear dispersion of the zero mode spin levels. Also the conductivity at the Dirac point and its temperature dependence can be understood from single valley Dirac fermion physics.

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