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Single Uterine Access for Bilateral Pleuroamniotic Shunting in Fetuses with Severe Hydrothorax by an Internal Rotational Maneuver: Feasibility and Outcomes between Successful and Failed Procedures

  • Cruz-Martínez, Rogelio
  • Sosa Sosa, Cristian
  • Martínez-Rodríguez, Miguel
  • Gámez-Varela, Alma
  • Villalobos-Gómez, Rosa
  • López-Briones, Hugo
  • Luna-García, Jonahtan
  • Chávez-González, Eréndira
  • Juárez-Martínez, Israel
Published Article
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Mar 05, 2021
DOI: 10.1159/000513748
PMID: 33677452
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Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the feasibility of single percutaneous uterine access for bilateral pleuroamniotic shunting (PAS) in fetuses with severe hydrothorax by using an internal rotational maneuver and to compare perinatal outcomes between successful and failed procedures. Methods: A prospective cohort of 25 fetuses with isolated bilateral hydrothorax and hydrops were referred to our fetal surgery center in Queretaro, Mexico during an 8-year period. Bilateral PAS was first attempted through a percutaneous single uterine access by internal rotation of the fetus, which was achieved by using the blunt tip of the same cannula, and in case of a failed procedure, a second uterine port was used to place the second shunt. The perinatal outcomes between successful (single uterine port) and failed (2 uterine ports) fetal procedures were compared. Results: Placing of bilateral shunts through a percutaneous single uterine access was feasible in 15/25 (60%) cases. Overall, median GA at delivery was 35.2 weeks with a survival rate of 64.0% (16/25). Three cases were excluded due to shunt dislodgement, leaving a final population of 22 fetuses; 13/22 (59.1%) and 9/22 (40.9%) managed using 1 and 2 uterine ports, respectively. The group with bilateral PAS placement through a successful single uterine port showed a significantly higher GA at birth (36.5 vs. 32.8 weeks, p = 0.001), lower surgical time (11.0 vs. 19.0 min, p = 0.01), longer interval between fetal intervention and delivery (5.7 vs. 2.7 weeks, p = 0.01), lower risk of preterm delivery (46.2 vs. 100%, p < 0.01), and lower rate of perinatal death (15.4 vs. 55.6%, p < 0.05) than the failed procedures requiring 2 uterine ports. Conclusion: In fetuses with severe bilateral hydrothorax and hydrops, bilateral pleuroamniotic shunting through a successful single percutaneous uterine access is feasible in up to 60% of cases and is associated with better perinatal outcomes.

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