Affordable Access

Single cell RNA sequencing reveals endothelial cell killing and resolution pathways in experimental malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome

  • Pollenus, Emilie; 123298;
  • Possemiers, Hendrik;
  • Knoops, Sofie;
  • Prenen, Fran; 133816;
  • Vandermosten, Leen;
  • Thienpont, Chloe;
  • Abdurahiman, Saeed;
  • Demeyer, Sofie; 97449;
  • Cools, Jan; 16417;
  • Matteoli, Gianluca; 63647;
  • Vanoirbeek, Jeroen AJ; 33170;
  • Velde, Greetje Vande; 42975;
  • van den Steen, Philippe E; 6959;
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2024
External links


Plasmodium parasites cause malaria, a global health disease that is responsible for more than 200 million clinical cases and 600 000 deaths each year. Most deaths are caused by various complications, including malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (MA-ARDS). Despite the very rapid and efficient killing of parasites with antimalarial drugs, 15% of patients with complicated malaria succumb. This stresses the importance of investigating resolution mechanisms that are involved in the recovery from these complications once the parasite is killed. To study the resolution of MA-ARDS, P. berghei NK65-infected C57BL/6 mice were treated with antimalarial drugs after onset of symptoms, resulting in 80% survival. Micro-computed tomography revealed alterations of the lungs upon infection, with an increase in total and non-aerated lung volume due to edema. Whole body plethysmography confirmed a drastically altered lung ventilation, which was restored during resolution. Single-cell RNA sequencing indicated an increased inflammatory state in the lungs upon infection, which was accompanied by a drastic decrease in endothelial cells, consistent with CD8+ T cell-mediated killing. During resolution, anti-inflammatory pathways were upregulated and proliferation of endothelial cells was observed. MultiNicheNet interactome analysis identified important changes in the ligand-receptor interactions during disease resolution that warrant further exploration in order to develop new therapeutic strategies. In conclusion, our study provides insights in pro-resolving pathways that limit inflammation and promote endothelial cell proliferation in experimental MA-ARDS. This information may be useful for the design of adjunctive treatments to enhance resolution after Plasmodium parasite killing by antimalarial drugs. / status: published

Report this publication


Seen <100 times