Adjacent tissue sections through the rat median eminence were examined for the distribution of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and catecholamines (CA). A simultaneous visualization technique was employed for this correlative neuroanatomical analysis. At rostral and mid-central levels of the median eminence the majority of GnRH terminals do not appear in coexistence with CA terminals; the latter were confined to the outer-most 10 micrometers of the median eminence while the densest concentration of GnRH terminals was located internal to this layer. However, individual GnRH fibers appeared to penetrate the outer CA zone wherein they were found in juxtaposition to portal capillaries. At caudal levels of the median eminence, there was an extensive overlap of CA and GnRH varicosities adjacent to the tubero-infundibular sulcus. In addition, numerous GnRH terminals were seen adjacent to portal vessels. The differences in the positions of CA and GnRH terminals between rostral and caudal median eminence may provide a morphological basis for the hypothesis of separate regulatory mechanisms for CA upon GnRH secretion at these two levels of the median eminence.