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Simulation and Validation of Injection-Compression Filling Stage of Liquid Moulding with Fast Curing Resins

Authors
  • Martin, Ffion A.1
  • Warrior, Nicholas A.1
  • Simacek, Pavel2
  • Advani, Suresh2
  • Hughes, Adrian3
  • Darlington, Roger3
  • Senan, Eissa3
  • 1 University of Nottingham, Faculty of Engineering, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK , Nottingham (United Kingdom)
  • 2 University of Delaware, Centre for Composite Materials, Academy Road, Newark, DE, USA , Newark (United States)
  • 3 University of Warwick Campus, Research & Technology, Jaguar Land Rover, Coventry, CV3 4LF, UK , Coventry (United Kingdom)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Applied Composite Materials
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Publication Date
Mar 23, 2018
Volume
26
Issue
1
Pages
41–63
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10443-018-9682-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Very short manufacture cycle times are required if continuous carbon fibre and epoxy composite components are to be economically viable solutions for high volume composite production for the automotive industry. Here, a manufacturing process variant of resin transfer moulding (RTM), targets a reduction of in-mould manufacture time by reducing the time to inject and cure components. The process involves two stages; resin injection followed by compression. A flow simulation methodology using an RTM solver for the process has been developed. This paper compares the simulation prediction to experiments performed using industrial equipment. The issues encountered during the manufacturing are included in the simulation and their sensitivity to the process is explored.

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