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Simulation of ILD sensitive neurons in the inferior colliculus of the barn owl.

Authors
  • Peddicord, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Hearing research
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1998
Volume
123
Issue
1-2
Pages
111–124
Identifiers
PMID: 9745960
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The barn owl (Tyto alba) uses interaural level difference (ILD) as a cue for the localization of sound. The first site of binaural convergence in the pathway that processes ILD is the ventral lateral lemniscus pars posterior (VLVp). Neurons in VLVp receive excitatory input from the contralateral nucleus angularis, and inhibitory input from the contralateral VLVp. Within the lateral shell of the inferior colliculus are ILD sensitive neurons that show maximum spike rate at a specific ILD value, with response falling off sharply on each side. Adolphs has developed a model of such lateral shell neurons based on anatomic and physiological data. In his model, lateral shell neurons receive inhibitory input from VLVp on both sides, and this inhibition, applied against a constant excitatory input, produces the observed two-sided response curves. We simulated, in Matlab 4, Adolphs' model, and obtained supporting results. Our simulation suggests that VLVp provides a repository of simple ILD filters from which higher centers construct more complex filters, including the single-peaked curves observed by Adolphs. The VLVp filters are organized along the inhibitory gradient, with broad filters ventral, sharp filters dorsal.

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