Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Simulation for Design and Material Selection of a Deep Placement Fertilizer Applicator for Soybean Cultivation

Authors
  • Patuk, Iaroslav1
  • Hasegawa, Hideo2
  • Borodin, Igor3
  • Whitaker, Andrew C.2
  • Borowski, Piotr F.4
  • 1 Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University, 950-2181 , (Japan)
  • 2 Institute of Science and Technology, Niigata University, 950-2181 , (Japan)
  • 3 Engineering and Technology Institute, Primorskaya State Academy of Agriculture, 692510 , (Russia)
  • 4 Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Production Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Open Engineering
Publisher
De Gruyter Open
Publication Date
Aug 12, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
1
Pages
733–743
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/eng-2020-0082
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The optimal design of a subsoiler implement is a complex work that includes optimal design, material properties, structural reliability, random variables, soil properties, soil tillage equipment, and optimum safety measures. The main objectives of this study were to design and simulate the deep placement fertilizer applicator (DPFA) by using the finite element method (FEM). FEM simulation software was used to select the optimum material properties and improve the safety factor by considering a range of loads on DPFA. Three applied forces in a static simulation (4500, 5000 and 6000 N) were considered as were three application depths of fertilizers (0.15, 0.20, and 0.25 m), to improve the safety measures of the design. The simulation results showed that the best material property for DPFA is the AISI 4135 QT carbon steel materials. This yields a high strength of 780MPa and an ultimate tensile strength of 950 MPa (Young’s Modulus of 207 GPa and with Poisson’s Ratio of 0.33). The static simulation for 6000 N shows that the DPFA model had a maximum stress and strain of 379.9 MPa and 25.6×10−4 mm/mm respectively, with a contact pressure of 207 MPa, and a maximum displacement of 3.1 mm. The study results can provide theoretical and technical support for the development of agricultural tools, especially for DPFA in selecting optimum material properties and improving safety factors.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times