A new adsorption chromatography procedure for the purification of calmodulin from bovine brain was developed using polymeric adsorbent 3520. Calmodulin was first isolated by DEAE-Cellulose column chromatography and further purified to apparent homogeneity following elution with 50% ethanol from the adsorbent column. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed one band either in the presence of Ca2+ or EGTA. The polymeric adsorbent 3520 is a non-polar polymer lacking exchangeable groups. The selective adsorption of calmodulin is based on hydrophobic interaction within the matrix, and is Ca2+ independent. Neither high salt (0.5 M NaC1) nor EGTA (5 mM) was able to elute the CaM from the adsorption column whereas ethanol (50%) eluted it completely. This method is simple to use and it provides highly purified calmodulin with high yield.