Large T antigen of simian virus 40 is found as monomeric and oligomeric species in transformed cells. These can be demonstrated in cell extracts by velocity centrifugation in sucrose gradients. We analyzed them further in a transformed human line cell (SV80) and a transformed mouse line cell (SVT2). Individual fractions from sucrose gradients were subjected to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the absence of detergent. T-antigen species were then detected by protein blotting and antibody overlay with polyclonal anti-D2 T antibody or monoclonal Pab419, Pab101, or Pb1700 antibody. The rapidly sedimenting species (14S and larger) of large T antigen from both cell lines reproducibly showed two major bands with estimated molecular weights of 670,000 and 850,000. A third band of 1,200,000 was more prominent in SVT2 cells than in SV80 cells. In SV80 cells the slowly sedimenting species of large T antigen (5S to 11S) contained two reproducible bands. A band with a molecular weight of 95,000 was the predominant one in all fractions between 5S and 11S. A relatively minor band with a molecular weight of 230,000 was found in fractions between 9S and 11S. The low-molecular-weight forms were seen in SVT2 cells only when a prominent peak at 5S to 7S was present, that is, when extracts were stored before analysis. In fresh extracts, the low-molecular-weight bands and slowly sedimenting forms were absent.