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The silent pandemic in South Africa: Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis from head to heel.

Authors
  • Le Roux, Camilla E1
  • Vlok, Sucari S C1
  • 1 Department of Medical Imaging and Clinical Oncology, Medicine and Health Sciences, Tygerberg Hospital, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa. , (South Africa)
Type
Published Article
Journal
SA journal of radiology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
25
Issue
1
Pages
2026–2026
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4102/sajr.v25i1.2026
PMID: 33936795
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is the leading cause of communicable disease-related deaths in people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide and in South Africa. Mycobacterium tuberculosis disseminates haematogenously from an active primary lung focus and may affect extra-pulmonary sites in up to 15% of patients. Extra-pulmonary TB may present with a normal chest radiograph, which often causes a significant diagnostic dilemma. This review describes the main sites of involvement in EPTB, which is illustrated by local imaging examples. © 2021. The Authors.

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