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Signs of abdominal pain caused by disruption of the small intestinal mesentery in three postparturient cows.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Publication Date
Volume
198
Issue
5
Pages
864–866
Identifiers
PMID: 2026540
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Three Holstein cows were admitted on postpartum day 3 with signs of abdominal pain, inappetence, and decreased milk production. All 3 were depressed, tachycardic, and dehydrated. Right paralumbar fossa laparotomy was performed on each cow. At surgery, a rent in the proximal portion of the jejunal mesentery, with perforation of the jejunum adjacent to the mesenteric rent, was found in all 3 cows. All had evidence of severe peritonitis and gross contamination of the abdomen with digesta. Because of severe peritonitis and inability to exteriorize the affected segment of jejunum, all 3 cows were euthanatized. We postulate that the mesenteric rent occurred at the time of parturition, resulting in ischemia and jejunal perforation in the segment of jejunum adjacent to the rent.

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