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Signalling events in the anergy induction of T helper 1 cells.

Authors
  • Sloan-Lancaster, J
  • Allen, P M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ciba Foundation symposium
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1995
Volume
195
Identifiers
PMID: 8724838
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

T cells can interact productively with altered peptide ligands (APLs) resulting in different phenotypic outcomes. Stimulation of T helper 1 cells with an APL on live antigen-presenting cells results in the induction of anergy. We investigated the intracellular signalling events involved in generating this anergy by comparing protein tyrosine phosphorylation patterns after stimulation with the anergy-inducing APL or the immunogenic peptide. Stimulation by an APL resulted in a unique pattern of T cell receptor (TCR) phospho-zeta species, which was not observed with any dose of immunogenic peptide. This altered phospho-zeta pattern had a profound functional significance, in that the tyrosine kinase ZAP-70 was not activated. Thus, anergy can be induced by changing the constellation of intracellular signalling events in a T cell. These findings demonstrate that the TCR-CD3 complex can engage selective intracellular biochemical signalling pathways as a direct consequence of the nature of the ligand recognized and the initial phosphotyrosine pattern of the TCR-CD3 proteins. This then leads to different phenotypes.

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