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Signaling from G protein-coupled receptors to ERK5/Big MAPK 1 involves Galpha q and Galpha 12/13 families of heterotrimeric G proteins. Evidence for the existence of a novel Ras AND Rho-independent pathway.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
275
Issue
28
Pages
21730–21736
Identifiers
PMID: 10781600
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The regulation of gene expression by cell surface receptors often involves the stimulation of signaling pathways including one or more members of the MAPK superfamily of serine-threonine kinases. Upon their activation in the cytosol, MAPKs can translocate to the nucleus and affect the activity of a variety of transcription factors. Recently, it has been observed that a novel member of the MAPK superfamily, ERK5, can be potently activated by transforming G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and that ERK5 participates in the regulation of c-jun expression through the activation of MEF2 transcription factors. How cell surface receptors, including GPCRs, stimulate ERK5 is still poorly understood. In this study, we have used transiently transfected COS-7 cells to begin delineating the biochemical route linking GPCRs to ERK5. We show that receptors that can couple to the G(q) and G(12/13) families of heterotrimeric G proteins, m1 and thrombin receptors, respectively, but not those coupled to G(i), such as m2 receptors, are able to regulate the activity of ERK5. To investigate which heterotrimeric G proteins signal to ERK5, we used a chimeric system by which Galpha(q)- and Galpha(13)-mediated signaling pathways can be conditionally activated upon ligand stimulation. Using this system, as well as the expression of activated forms of G protein subunits, we show that the Galpha(q) and Galpha(12/13) families of heterotrimeric G proteins, but not the Galpha(i), Galpha(s), and betagamma subunits, are able to regulate ERK5. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the stimulation of ERK5 by GPCRs involves a novel signaling pathway, which is distinct from those regulated by Ras and Rho GTPases.

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