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Should tumbling E go out of date in amblyopia screening? Evidence from a population-based sample normative in children aged 3-4 years.

Authors
  • Guimaraes, Sandra1, 2, 3
  • Fernandes, Tiago1
  • Costa, Patrício2, 3, 4
  • Silva, Eduardo5, 6, 7
  • 1 Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 2 School of Medicine, Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), University of Minho, Braga, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 3 ICVS/3B's-PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga, Braga, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 4 Clinical Academic Center, Braga, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 5 Centro Cirúrgico de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 6 IBILI, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 7 Department of Ophthalmology, CHLN, Lisbon, Portugal. , (Portugal)
Type
Published Article
Journal
British Journal of Ophthalmology
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2018
Volume
102
Issue
6
Pages
761–766
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-310691
PMID: 28988161
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This is the first normative for European Caucasian children with single crowded tumbling E in healthy eyes and the largest study comparing 3 and 4 years old testability. Testability rates are higher than found in literature with other optotypes, especially in children aged 3 years, where we found 5%-11% better testability rates.

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