To compare 3D T1-weighted fast spin echo (FSE) and 3D T1-weighted gradient echo (GE) mDixon as morphologic sequences to complement diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the metastatic screening in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Thirty PCa patients at high risk of metastases prospectively underwent both a 3D T1 FSE (14 min) and a rapid 3D T1 GEmDixon (1 min 20 s) sequences within a WB-MRI protocol. Two readers assessed the diagnostic performance of the FSE/Fat/in-phase (IP)/IP+Fat sequences in detecting bone and node metastases. The reference standard was established by a panel of four physicians on the basis of all baseline and follow-up imaging, biological and clinical information. The reproducibility of readings, predictive accuracy (Acc) from ROC curves analysis, and contrast-to-reference ratio (CRR) in lesions were assessed for each sequence. In bone and lymph nodes (per-region analysis), reproducibility was at least good for all sequences/readers, except for nodes in the common iliac/inguinal regions. In bone (per-organ analysis), Acc of FSE was superior to that of mDixon (difference + 4%, p < 0.0083). In nodes (per-organ analysis), Acc of Fat was superior to that of other sequences (difference + 4% to + 6% depending on reader, p < 0.0083). In the per-patient analysis, Acc of FSE was superior to that of mDixon (difference + 4% to + 6% depending on sequence, p < 0.0083). Fat images had higher CRR compared with FSE in the thoracic spine, the bony pelvis and lymph node metastases (p < 0.025). 3D T1 GEmDixon may replace 3D T1 FSE to complement DWI in WB-MRI for metastatic screening in PCa. It demonstrates an Acc ranging from + 4% to + 6% (nodes) to - 4% to - 6% (bone and patient staging) compared with FSE and considerably reduces the examination time, offering the perspective of acquiring WB-MRI examinations in less than 20 min. • The replacement of 3D T1 FSE by the 3D T1 GE mDixon as morphologic sequence to complement DWI drastically reduces the acquisition time of WB-MRI studies. • The 3D T1 GE mDixon sequence offers similar reproducibility of image readings compared with that of the 3D T1 FSE. • Differences in diagnostic accuracy are limited (+ 4%/+ 6% in favor of mDixon to detect node metastases; + 4%/+ 6% in favor of FSE to detect bone metastases/metastatic disease in a patient).