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Short- and long-term physiologic and pharmacologic control of blood pressure in pediatric patients.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Integrated Blood Pressure Control
1178-7104
Publisher
Dove Medical Press
Publication Date
Volume
4
Pages
35–44
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2147/IBPC.S17265
PMID: 21949637
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The incidence of hypertension is rising in the general population. A parallel trend is present in children and adolescents. This reflects more intensive treatment and improved patient survival after a wide range of serious systemic illnesses that can lead to hypertension. In addition, primary or essential hypertension is more prevalent because of the epidemic of obesity and metabolic syndrome in pediatric and adult patients of both genders and in all ethnic groups. As a consequence of the changing demographic pattern of hypertension, more patients are requiring therapy for elevated blood pressure. This review summarizes key aspects of the treatment for hypertension in pediatric patients and the long-term management of this problem, including nonpharmacologic strategies and drug treatment.

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