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Shared resource aware scheduling on power-constrained tiled many-core processors

  • Jha, Sudhanshu Shekhar
  • Heirman, Wim
  • Falcon, Ayose
  • Tubella, Jordi
  • Gonzalez, Antonio
  • Eeckhout, Lieven
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2017
Ghent University Institutional Archive
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Power management through dynamic core, cache and frequency adaptation is becoming a necessity in today's power-constrained many-core environments. Unfortunately, as core count grows, the complexity of both the adaptation hardware and the power management algorithms increases exponentially. This calls for hierarchical solutions, such as on-chip voltage regulators per-tile rather than per-core, along with multi-level power management. As power-driven adaptation of shared resources affects multiple threads at once, the efficiency in a tile-organized many-core processor architecture hinges on the ability to co-schedule compatible threads to tiles in tandem with hardware adaptations per tile and per core. In this paper, we propose a two-tier hierarchical power management methodology to exploit per tile voltage regulators and clustered last-level caches. In addition, we include a novel thread migration layer that (i) analyzes threads running on the tiled many-core processor for shared resource sensitivity in tandem with core, cache and frequency adaptation, and (ii) co-schedules threads per tile with compatible behavior. On a 256-core setup with 4 cores per tile, we show that adding sensitivity-based thread migration to a two-tier power manager improves system performance by 10% on average (and up to 20%) while using 4x less on-chip voltage regulators. It also achieves a performance advantage of 4.2% on average (and up to 12%) over existing solutions that do not take DVFS sensitivity into account. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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