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Sexual and reproductive health and rights of “last mile” adolescents: a scoping review

Authors
  • Nowshin, Nahela
  • Kapiriri, Lydia
  • Davison, Colleen M.
  • Harms, Sheila
  • Kwagala, Betty
  • Mutabazi, Miriam G.
  • Niec, Anne
Type
Published Article
Journal
Sexual and reproductive health matters
Publication Date
Jun 06, 2022
Volume
30
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/26410397.2022.2077283
PMID: 35666196
PMCID: PMC9176670
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

Globally, significant progress has been made in the realm of adolescent sexual and reproductive health. We conceptualised “last mile” adolescents as having two or more of the following factors of identity: refugee, Indigenous, 2SLGBTQIA+, out of school, rurally or remotely located, slum dwelling, incarcerated or previously incarcerated, HIV/AIDS infected, and living with a disability. We conducted a scoping review with an aim to synthesise evidence and identify research gaps in the literature pertaining to the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of last mile adolescents. We conducted searches in three databases (Embase, Global Health, and Medline). Fifty-four publications met our inclusion criteria. Our results revealed that the state of evidence on the SRHR of last mile adolescents is poor. Very few studies used qualitative and mixed-method inquiry. The number of studies carried out in North America, Europe, and Oceania were limited. We found insufficient disaggregated data with respect to SRHR-related knowledge, behaviour, and access to services. Adopting an intersectional lens is critical to uncover the multiplicative effects of last mile adolescents’ factors of identity on their SRHR. National data systems should be strengthened to enable the collection of quality disaggregated data which can play a vital role in identifying SRHR inequities affecting last mile adolescents. Research priorities should be realigned to generate data globally on the SRHR of last mile adolescents whose lives are marked by intersecting vulnerabilities.

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