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Sexual reproduction and the evolution of microbial pathogens.

Authors
  • Heitman, Joseph
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Biology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 05, 2006
Volume
16
Issue
17
Identifiers
PMID: 16950098
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Three common systemic human fungal pathogens--Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus--have retained all the machinery to engage in sexual reproduction, and yet their populations are often clonal with limited evidence for recombination. Striking parallels have emerged with four protozoan parasites that infect humans: Toxoplasma gondii, Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi and Plasmodium falciparum. Limiting sexual reproduction appears to be a common virulence strategy, enabling generation of clonal populations well adapted to host and environmental niches, yet retaining the ability to engage in sexual or parasexual reproduction and respond to selective pressure. Continued investigation of the sexual nature of microbial pathogens should facilitate both laboratory investigation and an understanding of the complex interplay between pathogens, hosts, vectors, and their environments.

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