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Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale: A New Measure.

Authors
  • Baiocco, Roberto1
  • Pistella, Jessica1
  • Salvati, Marco1
  • Ioverno, Salvatore2
  • Lucidi, Fabio1
  • 1 Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 Population Research Center (PRC), University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of homosexuality
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
67
Issue
4
Pages
489–512
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2018.1547560
PMID: 30507299
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study describes the process of developing and validating the Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale (SPSS), which is a multidimensional instrument developed to assess attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (LG) in sports. The authors conducted two studies: first, to establish the factor structure of the SPSS on 297 heterosexual athletes; and, second, to test the reliability and validity of the resulting 19-item scale on a sample of 311 heterosexual and 160 LG athletes. Exploratory factor analysis of an initial item pool yielded three factors: open rejection, which assesses the blatant prejudice expressed toward LG people; denial of visibility, which evaluates attitude toward the coming out of LG people; and gendering performance, which corresponds to gender stereotypes about performance/skills of LG people. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to assess the stability of the SPSS. The authors documented internal consistency, test-retest stability, and convergent/divergent validity. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

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