The intensity of immunostaining for the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is outstandingly high in the interpeduncular nucleus. This nucleus was compared in males and females for its GFAP immunoreaction. Immunohistochemistry was carried out on free floating vibratome slices and evaluated by surface densitometry. While in males the reactions were similar, females showed individual variations. Since the interpeduncular nucleus is a hormonally inactive brain area where gonadal hormones do not induce plastic synaptic changes, it is concluded that concerning this astroglial marker a sexual dimorphism exists also outside the "endocrine brain".