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Sex differences and response styles: subtypes of rumination and associations with depressive symptoms.

Authors
  • Lopez, Cristina M
  • Driscoll, Kimberly A
  • Kistner, Janet A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2009
Volume
38
Issue
1
Pages
27–35
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15374410802575412
PMID: 19130355
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In view of recent findings regarding the multifaceted nature of rumination in adults and older adolescents, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct of rumination as a 2-factor model (brooding and reflection) in a child and early adolescent sample as well as examine sex differences and associations between depressive symptoms and these ruminative subtypes. Participants were children in 2nd through 7th grades (N = 303). Results of a confirmatory factor analysis supported the hypothesis that subtypes of rumination (2-factor model) are present in children and provided a better fit than a unitary construct of rumination (1-factor model). As predicted, girls endorsed higher levels of brooding than boys, and brooding (not reflection) was uniquely related to depressive symptoms. Results revealed that a distinction between brooding and reflection subtypes is warranted as it can help lead to better assessment and identification of risk factors of depression.

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