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Sex- and age-specific normative values for handgrip strength and components of the Senior Fitness Test in community-dwelling older adults aged 65–75 years in Germany: results from the OUTDOOR ACTIVE study

Authors
  • Albrecht, Birte Marie1
  • Stalling, Imke1
  • Bammann, Karin1
  • 1 Institute for Public Health and Nursing Sciences (IPP), University of Bremen, Grazer Straße 2a, Bremen, 28359, Germany , Bremen (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Geriatrics
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Apr 26, 2021
Volume
21
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-021-02188-9
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundPhysical fitness is a key component of independent living and healthy ageing. For the measurement of physical fitness in older adults, the Senior Fitness Test is a commonly used tool. The objective of this study is to calculate sex- and age-specific normative values for handgrip strength and components of the Senior Fitness Test for older adults (65–75 years) in Germany.MethodsCross-sectional data of 1657 community-dwelling older adults residing in Bremen, Germany (53% female) were included in this study. Physical fitness was assessed using the following measurements of the Senior Fitness Test battery: 30s-chair stand test, 2 min-step test, sit-and-reach test, and back scratch test. In addition, handgrip strength was measured using a Saehan DHD-3 digital hand dynamometer SH1003. Sex- and age specific normative values were calculated for the 1st, 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 97th, and 99th percentile using the GAMLSS method.ResultsThe normative values show differences dependent on sex and age. For handgrip strength, the 30s-chair stand test and the 2 min-step test, normative values were higher for men, while women reached higher values in the sit-and-reach test and the back scratch test. For both, men and women, normative values declined with age.ConclusionsThis study provides sex- and age-specific normative values for handgrip strength and components of the Senior Fitness Test for older adults in Germany. They might be useful for future research and for the application in practice.

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