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Severe impairment of anti-cancer effect of lipoteichoic acid-related molecule isolated from a penicillin-killed Streptococcus pyogenes in toll-like receptor 4-deficient mice.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Immunopharmacology
1567-5769
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
1
Issue
9-10
Pages
1789–1795
Identifiers
PMID: 11562070
Source
Medline

Abstract

A lipoteichoic acid-related molecule (OK-PSA) isolated from OK-432, a penicillin-killed Streptococcus pyogenes, is a potent inducer of Th1 cytokines, and elicits anti-cancer effect in tumor-bearing mice. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 is a member of the recently identified toll-like receptor family of proteins that has been implicated in lipopolysaccharide-induced cell signaling. In the present study, we have examined the role of TLR4 for OK-PSA-induced Th1-cytokine production and anti-tumor effect by using C3H/HeJ mice in which TLR4 function is impaired. Although OK-PSA strikingly induced Th1 cytokines [interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12 and IL-18] in the splenocytes derived from control animals (C3H/HeN), OK-PSA did not induce the cytokines in the splenocytes from C3H/HeJ. Furthermore, C3H/HeJ-derived splenocytes acquired the responsiveness to OK-PSA stimulation by overexpression of TLR4 gene. Finally, OK-PSA administration significantly inhibited the tumor growth and lung metastasis of syngeneic squamous cell carcinoma cells in C3H/HeN; however, no effect of OK-PSA was observed in C3H/HeJ. These findings strongly suggest that TLR4 signaling is involved in regulating OK-PSA-induced anti-cancer immunity.

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