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Serum hormone and myocellular protein recovery after intermittent runs at the velocity associated with V˙O2max

  • Vuorimaa, Timo1
  • Vasankari, Tommi1
  • Mattila, Kari2
  • Heinonen, Olli3
  • Häkkinen, Keijo4
  • Rusko, Heikki5
  • 1 Sport Institute of Finland, FIN 19120 Vierumäki, Finland e-mail: [email protected] Tel.: +358-3-84241004, Fax:+358-3-84241208, FI
  • 2 Department of Clinical Chemistry, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland, FI
  • 3 Paavo Nurmi Center, Sports Medical Research Unit and Department of Physiology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland, FI
  • 4 Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, FI
  • 5 KIHU – Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Jyväskylä, Finland, FI
Published Article
European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Publication Date
Oct 01, 1999
DOI: 10.1007/s004210050636
Springer Nature


The responses of serum myocellular proteins and hormones to exercise were studied in ten well-trained middle-distance runners [maximal oxygen consumption (V˙O2max) = 69.4 (5.1) ml · kg−1 · min−1] during 3 recovery days and compared to various measures of physical performance. The purpose was to establish the duration of recovery from typical intermittent middle-distance running exercises. The subjects performed, in random, order two 28-min treadmill running exercises at a velocity associated with V˙O2max: 14 bouts of 60-s runs with 60 s of rest between each run (IR60) and 7 bouts of 120-s runs with 120 s of rest between each run (IR120). Before the exercises (pre- exercise), 2 h after, and 1, 2 and 3 days after the exercises, the same series of measurements were performed, including those for serum levels of the myocellular proteins creatine kinase, myoglobin and carbonic anhydrase III (S-CK, S-Mb and S-CA III, respectively), serum hormones testosterone, Luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and cortisol (S-testosterone, S-LH, S-FSH and S-cortisol, respectively) and various performance parameters: maximal vertical jump height (CMJ) and stride length, heart rate and ratings of perceived exertion during an 8-min run at 15 km · h−1 (SL15 km·h−1, HR15 km · h−1 and RPE15 km · h−1, respectively). Two hours after the end of both exercise bouts the concentration of each measured serum protein had increased significantly (P < 0.001) compared to the pre-exercise level, but there were no changes in SL15 km · h−1 or CMJ. During the recovery days only S-CK was significantly raised (P < 0.01), concomitant with a decrease in CMJ (P < 0.01) and an increase in RPE15 km · h−1 (P < 0.01). Hormone levels remained unchanged compared to the pre-exercise levels during the recovery days and there were no significant differences between the two exercise bouts in any of the observed post-exercise day-to-day responses. With the exception of S-CK, after IR120 the post-exercise responses returned to their pre-exercise levels within the 3 days of recovery. The present findings suggest that a single 28-min intermittent middle-distance running exercise does not induce changes in serum hormones of well-trained runners during recovery over 3 days, while changes in S-CK, CMJ and RPE15 km · h−1 indicate that 2–3 days of light training may be needed before the recovery at muscle level is complete.

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