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Serum amyloid A binding to CLA-1 (CD36 and LIMPII analogous-1) mediates serum amyloid A protein-induced activation of ERK1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases.

  • Baranova, Irina N
  • Vishnyakova, Tatyana G
  • Bocharov, Alexander V
  • Kurlander, Roger
  • Chen, Zhigang
  • Kimelman, Michael L
  • Remaley, Alan T
  • Csako, Gyorgy
  • Thomas, Fairwell
  • Eggerman, Thomas L
  • Patterson, Amy P
Published Article
Journal of Biological Chemistry
American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Publication Date
Mar 04, 2005
PMID: 15576377


Serum amyloid A protein (SAA) is an acute-phase reactant, known to mediate pro-inflammatory cellular responses. This study reports that CLA-1 (CD36 and LIMPII Analogous-1; human orthologue of the Scavenger Receptor Class B Type I (SR-BI)) mediates SAA uptake and downstream SAA signaling. Flow cytometry experiments revealed more than a 5-fold increase of Alexa-488 SAA uptake in HeLa cells stably transfected with CLA-1. Alexa 488-HDL uptake directly correlated with SAA uptake when determined in several CLA-1 stably transfected HeLa cell clones expressing various levels of CLA-1. SAA directly binds to CLA-1 as determined by cross-linking and colocalization of anti-CLA-1 antibody with SAA. SAA was co-internalized with transferrin to the endocytic recycling compartment pointing to a potential site of SAA metabolism. Alexa-488 SAA uptake in the CLA-1-overexpressing HeLa cells, as well as in THP-1 monocyte cell line, can be efficiently blocked by unlabeled SAA, high density lipoprotein, and other CLA-1 ligands. At the same time, markedly enhanced levels of phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), ERK1/2, and p38, were observed in cells stably transfected with CLA-1 cells following SAA stimulation when compared with mock transfected cells. The levels of the SAA-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion by CLA-1-overexpressing cells also significantly exceeded (5- to 10-fold) those detected for control cells. Synthetic amphipathic peptides possessing a structural alpha-helical motif inhibited SAA-induced activation of both MAPKs and IL-8 secretion in THP-1 cells. The results of this study demonstrate for the first time that CLA-1 functions as an endocytic SAA receptor and is involved in SAA-mediated cell signaling events associated with the immune-related and inflammatory effects of SAA.

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