Affordable Access

The serotonin type 3A receptor facilitates luteinizing hormone release and LHbeta promoter activity in immortalized pituitary gonadotropes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Endocrine
1355-008X
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
1
Pages
37–43
Identifiers
PMID: 16077169
Source
Medline

Abstract

The 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3A receptor (5-HT3AR) is a ligand-gated cation channel activated by serotonin. This receptor is expressed throughout the nervous system as well as in the pituitary gland. Although it has been documented that the 5-HT3AR modulates exocytosis in neurons, its role in the pituitary gland has not been determined. Previous research has shown that the 5-HT3AR modulates circulating gonadotropin levels in vivo. It is unclear, however, if its activation in the pituitary gland mediates these effects or if receptors elsewhere in the hypothalamus-pituitary-gondal axis are responsible. To investigate the potential for the 5-HT3AR to modulate gonadotropin release from pituitary gonadotropes, the gonadotrope-derived LbetaT2 cell line was used as a model system and radioimmunoassays were employed to investigate how 5-HT3AR activation influences luteinizing hormone (LH) release. Our studies demonstrate that gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)-stimulated LH release was decreased by the 5-HT3AR-specific antagonist MDL 72222 in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, it was found that overexpressing the 5-HT3AR in LbetaT2 cells enhanced both basal and GnRH-stimulated LH release and also increased LHbeta gene promoter activity. These results suggest that the 5-HT3AR may participate in the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis at the level of the pituitary gonadotrope to mediate pituitary hormone release.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments