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Seroprevalence of markers of hepatitis C virus exposure and associated factors in adults aged 18-39 years in the Arctic Russian city of Arkhangelsk: a cross-sectional study.

Authors
  • Balaeva, Tatiana1, 2, 3
  • Grjibovski, Andrej M4, 5, 6, 7
  • Samodova, Olga8
  • Sannikov, Anatoly2
  • Klouman, Elise1
  • 1 a Department of Community Medicine, UiT The Arctic University of Norway , Tromsø , Norway. , (Norway)
  • 2 b Department of Public Health, Northern State Medical University , Arkhangelsk , Russia.
  • 3 c Department of Epidemiiological surveillance, Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Arkhangelsk Region , Arkhangelsk , Russia.
  • 4 d Central Scientific Research Laboratory, Northern State Medical University , Arkhangelsk , Russia.
  • 5 e Department of Public health, healthcare, hygiene and bioethics, North-Eastern Federal University , Yakutsk , Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia.
  • 6 f West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov Medical University , Aktobe , Kazakhstan. , (Kazakhstan)
  • 7 g Department of Healthcare Policy, Al-Farabi Kazakh National Medical University , Almaty , Kazakhstan. , (Kazakhstan)
  • 8 h Department of Infectious Diseases, Northern State Medical University , Arkhangelsk , Russia.
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
78
Issue
1
Pages
1648970–1648970
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/22423982.2019.1648970
PMID: 31370746
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Hepatitis C, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), is a major public health issue in Russia. The aim of our study was to assess the seroprevalence of markers of HCV exposure and factors associated with HCV seropositivity among the general population aged 18-39 years in the city of Arkhangelsk, Northwest Russia. A social research agency applied a quota sampling method to recruit study participants using cell phone numbers. All participants (n = 1243) completed a self-administered questionnaire and provided a blood sample. Sixty-five participants (5.2%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.9-5.5) tested positive for HCV IgM+G antibodies, and of these, 55 (84.6%) did not know that they were exposed to HCV. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, HCV seropositivity was significantly associated with older age, a history of injecting drug use, and having ever received a blood transfusion. To reach the goal of the World Health Organisation's Global Health Sector Strategy on Viral Hepatitis, regional preventive programmes should include measures to reduce injecting drug use as well as scaling up harm-reduction and treatment programs for drug addicts.

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