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Serological survey of veterinarians to assess the zoonotic potential of three emerging swine diseases in Mexico.

Authors
  • Rivera-Benitez, J F
  • Rosas-Estrada, K
  • Pulido-Camarillo, E
  • de la Peña-Moctezuma, A
  • Castillo-Juárez, H
  • Ramírez-Mendoza, H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Zoonoses and public health
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2014
Volume
61
Issue
2
Pages
131–137
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/zph.12055
PMID: 23734711
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

We conducted an immunological assay of blood samples taken from 85 swine-specialist veterinarians attending the Congress of the Mexican Association of Swine Specialist Veterinarians in Mexico in 2011. Serum samples were assayed for Porcine rubulavirus (PorPV), Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) and Leptospira spp. antibodies. Using a hemagglutination inhibition test, we registered 2.3% and 27% seropositivity for PorPV and EMCV, respectively. Using viral neutralization tests, we registered 5.8% and 47% seropositivity for PorPV and EMCV, respectively. For Leptospira spp., we registered a seropositivity of 38.8%. The variables (sex, age, years of exposure, number of visited farms, biosecurity level and region) showed no significant effect (P > 0.05) on the seropositivity for EMCV, PorPV and Leptospira spp. except for number of visited farms on HI seropositivity for EMCV (P < 0.05; odds ratio: 1.38). The data obtained provide information on the epidemiology of emerging diseases with zoonotic potential in occupational risk groups.

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