Antigenic analyses of five species of the genus Pichia were carried out for taxonomic study by the slide agglutination method using monospecific and absorbed antisera and the agglutinin absorption technique. Comparative studies were also performed with a few strains of each of the same species and their classifications are discussed with respect to the antigenic structures and the patterns of proton magnetic resonance (PMR) spectra of their cell wall polysaccharides. ichia delftensis and Pichia zaruensis possessed thermostable antigens 1,2,5 and 11, and the former had also thermoabile antigen m. Both species were closely related to Candida krusei. Pichia toletana possessed thermostable antigens 1,2,5,11,17 and 49. Pichia bovis contained thermostable antigens 1,2,14,15,16,20 and 21, and it was related to most species of the genus Hansenula, although assimilation of potassium nitrate was negative. Finally, Pichia etchellsii possessed thermostable antigens 1,2,3,4,9 and 14, and was closely related to Pichia vini. Patterns of PMR spectra of mannans of these species also supported their serological relationships. Therfore, P. delftensis, P. zaruensis and P. etchellsii are considered to be the synonyms of Pichia fluxuum, Pichia dispora and P. vini respectively, although P. toletanan and P. bovis are independent species.