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Sensitive EDTA-based microbiological assays for detection of metallo-{beta}-lactamases in nonfermentative gram-negative bacteria.

Authors
  • Marchiaro, Patricia
  • Mussi, María A
  • Ballerini, Viviana
  • Pasteran, Fernando
  • Viale, Alejandro M
  • Vila, Alejandro J
  • Limansky, Adriana S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of clinical microbiology
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2005
Volume
43
Issue
11
Pages
5648–5652
Identifiers
PMID: 16272499
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The worldwide spread of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing gram-negative bacilli represents a great concern nowadays. Sensitive assays for their specific detection are increasingly demanded to aid infection control and to prevent their dissemination. We have developed a novel microbiological assay employing crude bacterial extracts, designated EDTA-imipenem microbiological assay (EIM), to identify MBLs in nonfermentative gram-negative clinical strains. We also evaluated the ability of EIM to detect MBLs in comparison to those of other currently employed screening methods, such as the EDTA disk synergy test (EDS) with imipenem as a substrate and the Etest method. The sensitivities of EIM and Etest were similar (1 versus 0.92, respectively) and much higher than that of EDS (0.67). Moreover, both EIM and Etest displayed the maximum specificity. Modifications were introduced to EDS, including the simultaneous testing of three different beta-lactams (imipenem, meropenem, and ceftazidime) and two different EDTA concentrations. This resulted in a sensitivity improvement (0.92), albeit at a cost to its specificity. A simple strategy to accurately detect MBL producers is proposed; this strategy combines (i) an initial screening of the isolates by the extended EDS assay to select the potential candidates and (ii) confirmation of the true presence of MBL activity by EIM.

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