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Self-assessment, attitude and perception of interprofessional learning in hospital acquired infection control practices among health professionals in Klang Valley, Malaysia

Authors
  • Thangarajoo, Saraswathy1, 2
  • Rosliza, A. M.3
  • Nalliah, Sivalingam4
  • Karim, Jalina5
  • Shohaimi, Shamarina1
  • Ramasamy, S.6
  • Amin-Nordin, S.1
  • 1 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia , Serdang (Malaysia)
  • 2 International Medical College, Subang Jaya, Malaysia , Subang Jaya (Malaysia)
  • 3 Universiti Putra, Serdang, Malaysia , Serdang (Malaysia)
  • 4 International Medical University, Seremban, Malaysia , Seremban (Malaysia)
  • 5 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia , Bangi (Malaysia)
  • 6 International Medical University, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia , Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Medical Education
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Apr 26, 2021
Volume
21
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12909-021-02610-1
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundInterprofessional learning (IPL) is a key challenge in Malaysia in incorporating the current profession-specific medical education into the interprofessional learning curriculum. Safe practices would be enhanced with improved collaboration among the health professionals when they learn with, from, and about each other. The main objective of this study was to determine the significant differences in self-assessment, attitude, and perception of interprofessional learning among doctors and nurses in a teaching hospital in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The second objective was to determine if there is any significant difference in the selected demography factors, mean and total scores between doctors and nurses in self-assessment, attitude, and perceptions of IPL aspects.MethodsA total of doctors (39) and nurses (37) were recruited for an interventional study on the interprofessional learning approach on hospital acquired infection control. The participants responded to the University of West England Interprofessional (UWEIP) questionnaire at baseline consisting of four dimensions in IPL aspects; Self-assessment on communication and teamwork skills (CTW), interprofessional learning (IPL), interprofessional interaction (IPI), and interprofessional relationship (IPR). The Cronbach alpha value for the total questionnaire was established at 0.79.ResultsThe majority of doctors scored positive in CTW, IPL, IPR, and neutral in IPI. Nurses’ also recorded the highest positive scores in CTW, IPL, and IPR, and neutral in IPI. Negative scores were found in CTW and IPI. A significant difference was revealed between doctors and nurses in IPL attitude; p = 0.024 and there was no significant difference in other dimensions (p > .05). Results also found a significant difference between participants’ and non-participants of IPL training sessions; p = 0.009.ConclusionsThis study revealed the infusion of interprofessional learning training among the health professionals displayed better self-assessments, attitudes, and perceptions towards collaborative practices.

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