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Self-organization and evolution in a simulated cross catalyzed network.

Authors
  • Hunding, A
  • Engelhardt, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere : the journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2000
Volume
30
Issue
5
Pages
439–457
Identifiers
PMID: 11002891
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Motivated by an alternative to the concept of a prebiotic soup in the form of interacting crystal growth close to hot vents, we investigate a model system in which the growth rate of a particular entity is modified (enhanced or reduced) by other entities present, thus forming a web of cross catalysis. Initially random interactions are imposed, but the entities compete for a common source, and some entities may thus vanish in the competition. New entities, or mutations (error copies), with randomly selected interactions to the web are then introduced, and the concentrations of the entities are followed as solutions to stiff ordinary differential equations. Entities with positive growth may create new related entities with slightly randomly modified interactions to the web. Extinctions, wild-type survival and replacement, and self-organization to sustain periodic external variations, are studied. It is shown that even systems with mostly cross-inhibition and no initial autocatalysis may eventually create highly stable self-organized systems. We find that an already established cross catalyzed system often wins over a selfreplicating invader (or mutant).

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