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Self-care behaviors and health indicators in adults with type 2 diabetes.

Authors
  • Compeán Ortiz, Lidia Guadalupe
  • Gallegos Cabriales, Esther Carlota
  • González González, José Gerardo
  • Gómez Meza, Marco Vinicio
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Publisher
SciELO
Publication Date
2010
Volume
18
Issue
4
Pages
675–680
Identifiers
PMID: 20922312
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This descriptive correlational study aimed to analyze self-care behaviors and their relationship with health indicators represented by glycemic control, lipid profile, Body Mass Index [BMI], waist circumference and body fat percentage in a sample of 98 adults with type 2 diabetes in an area of Nuevo Leon, Mexico (August 2005/May 2006). The results showed a low self-care behaviors index (X = 36.94, SD=15.14). A significant relationship was found between self-care behaviors and glycosilated hemoglobin [HbA1c] (r s=-.379, p<.001), triglycerides (r s=-.208, p=.040), BMI (r s=-.248, p=.014) and body fat percentage (r s=-.221, p=.029). Multivariate analysis revealed the influence of self-care behaviors on HbA1c, BMI and body fat percentage with explained variances of 9 to 41% (p < .05). From all self-care dimensions, diet was the most predictive for health indicators, moderated by gender and understanding of diabetes contents (p< .05).

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