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Selective multiresidue determination of highly polar anionic pesticides in plant-based milk, wine and beer using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry

Authors
  • Herrera Lopez, Sonia
  • Dias, Jonatan
  • Mol, Hans
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Source
Wageningen University and Researchcenter Publications
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

<p>In this work, an easy and fast procedure for the selective multiresidue determination of 14 highly polar pesticides (including glyphosate, glufosinate, ethephon and fosetyl) and metabolites in beverages is presented. After an initial sample dilution (1:1, v/v), the extract is shaken and centrifuged, further diluted and then injected directly into the LC-MS/MS system, using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and tandem mass spectrometry. No clean-up procedure was needed. The method was validated according to the current European guidelines for pesticide residue analysis in food and feed and linearity, limits of detection and quantification, matrix effects, trueness and precision were assessed. For plant-based milk, wine and beer samples, 10, 11 and 12 analytes, respectively, out of 14 were fully validated at 10 µg kg<sup>−1</sup>, the lowest spike level tested. The matrix effect was negative in most of the cases, showing for some compounds, such as HEPA, up to 80% suppression when compared to the response from standards in solvent. The use of isotopically labelled internal standards is required for the optimal quantification, as it compensates for high and varying matrix effects and also for recovery losses during extraction.</p>

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