Patients with erectile dysfunction should be subjected to a complex and complete diagnostic procedure, including selective pharmaco-phalloangiography and dynamic pharmacocavernosonography only when SKAT has failed and after the exclusion of neurological disorders. Patients being offered these invasive procedures should be highly motivated and willing to undergo surgical correction of the vascular origin of their erectile impotence. If peripheral vascular occlusive disease is found affecting the pelvic arteries, the best operative technique must be selected. In our opinion, this decision should be made intraoperatively after visualization of the dissected dorsal penile vessels. Use of the Doppler probe can be extremely helpful during the operation. Intraoperative findings on the degree of arteriosclerosis and arterial flow can differ from those allowed by preoperative diagnostic procedures. Penile erectile function was restored in seven of nine patients after penile revascularization performed under microsurgical conditions. We used the operative methods described by Virag and Hauri, applying our own modification of the Hauri procedure in two patients. With careful selection of patients and methods it should be possible to resolve individual patients' problems with peripheral occlusion, even though the exact hemodynamic pathology remains obscure.