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Selective estrogen receptor (ER)β activation provokes a redistribution of fat mass and modifies hepatic triglyceride composition in obese male mice.

Authors
  • González-Granillo, Marcela1
  • Savva, Christina1
  • Li, Xidan2
  • Ghosh Laskar, Moumita3
  • Angelin, Bo1
  • Gustafsson, Jan-Åke4
  • Korach-André, Marion5
  • 1 Department of Medicine, Metabolism Unit, KI/AZ Integrated Cardio Metabolic Center (ICMC), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden; Clinical Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 2 Department of Medicine, Metabolism Unit, KI/AZ Integrated Cardio Metabolic Center (ICMC), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 3 Clinical Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 4 Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Center for Nuclear Receptors and Cell Signalling, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA; Department of Biosciences and Nutrition Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 5 Department of Medicine, Metabolism Unit, KI/AZ Integrated Cardio Metabolic Center (ICMC), Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden; Clinical Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Sweden)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular and cellular endocrinology
Publication Date
Dec 05, 2019
Volume
502
Pages
110672–110672
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.mce.2019.110672
PMID: 31811898
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Estrogen exerts its action through the binding to two major receptors, estrogen receptor (ER)α and β. Recently, the beneficial role of selective ERβ activation in the regulation of metabolic homeostasis in obesity has been demonstrated, but its importance is still controversial. However, no data are available regarding possible gender differences in response to pharmaceutical activation of ERβ. Male mice were fed a control diet (CD) or a high fat diet (HFD) before being treated with the ERβ selective ligand, 4-(2-(3-5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-1H-indol-3yl)phenol (DIP) in the same conditions as in our recently published paper in female mice. Magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy were performed repeatedly in vivo after 6 weeks of diet and after 2 weeks of DIP. Adipose tissue distribution and hepatic triglycerides composition were quantified. HFD-treated males showed a feminization of their fat distribution towards more subcutaneous fat depots and increase total fat content and visceral adipose tissue showed clear browning sites after DIP. Hepatic lipid composition was modified by DIP, with less saturated and more unsaturated lipids and an improved insulin sensitivity. Finally, brown adipose tissue size expended after DIP, due to an increase of the size of the lipid droplets. Our data demonstrate that selective activation of ERβ exerts a tissue-specific and sex-dependent response to metabolic adaptation to overfeeding. Most importantly, together with our previously published results in females, the current findings support the concept that sex should be considered in the future development of obesity-moderating drugs. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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