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Selective CO gas detection of SnO2-Zn2SnO4 composite gas sensor

  • Moon, WJ
  • Yu, JH
  • Choi, GM
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2001
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For the selective detection of CO against H-2 gas, SnO2Zn2SnO4 composite-type sensors were fabricated. The surface of the pellet-type composite sensors was coated by CuO after sintering at 1000 degreesC for 3 h. The electrical conductivity and the sensitivity of the sensors to reducing gases (200 ppm CO and 200 ppm H-2) were examined by measuring the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the composite sensors between 80 and 450 degreesC. The coating of CuO lowered the temperature showing the maximum sensitivity of SnO2 for either CO or H-2 gas. However, the addition of small amount of spinel zinc stannate (Zn2SnO4) into SnO2 provided the sensitivity to CO gas at low temperature (similar to 270 degreesC) while the sensitivity to H-2 gas was maintained at high temperature (similar to 340 degreesC). Further increase of Zn2SnO4 content moved the sensitivity curves to CO and H-2 gases toward high temperature. Thus, the high selectivity for CO gas was obtained in the temperature range between 150 and 300 degreesC depending upon Zn2SnO4 content. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. / X / 1 / 1 / 48 / scie / scopus

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